Remembering the Great War in the Middle East

From Turkey and Armenia to Australia and New Zealand


This book addresses the conflicts, myths, and memories that grew out of the Great War in Ottoman Turkey, and their legacies in society and politics. It is the third volume in a series dedicated to the combined analysis of the Ottoman Great War and the Armenian Genocide.

In Australia and New Zealand, and even more in the post-Ottoman Middle East, the memory of the First World War still has an immediacy that it has long lost in Europe. For the post-Ottoman regions, the first of the two World Wars, which ended Ottoman rule, was the formative experience. This volume analyses this complex configuration: why these entanglements became possible; how shared or even contradictory memories have been constructed over the past hundred years, and how differing historiographies have developed. Remembering the Great War in the Middle East reaches towards a new conceptualization of the “long last Ottoman decade” (1912-22), one that places this era and its actors more firmly at the center, instead of on the periphery, of a history of a Greater Europe, a history comprising – as contemporary maps did – Europe, Russia, and the Ottoman world.

Table of Contents

Introduction (Hans-Lukas Kieser, University of Newcastle, Australia; Thomas Schmutz, University of Zurich, Switzerland)

I. The Politics of Commemoration

Chapter 1: Turkish History Writing of the Great War: Imperial Legacy, Mass Violence, Dissent (Alexandre Toumarkine, Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO), France)

Chapter 2: April 25. Anzac Day Commemoration and Construction of National Identity (Rowan Light, The University of Auckland, New Zealand)

Chapter 3: April 24. Formation, Development and Current State of the Armenian Genocide Victims Remembrance Day (Harutyun Marutyan, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Armenia)

Chapter 4: Unremembering Gallipoli in Turkey (Erol Köroglu, Bogaziçi University, Turkey)

II. National Narratives in the former Ottoman World

Chapter 5: National Narratives Challenged. Ottoman Wartime Correspondence on Palestine (Yuval Ben Bassat, University of Haifa, Israel; and Dotan Halevy)

Chapter 6: Official and Individual Lenses of the Remembrance of the First World War: Turkish Official Military Histories and Personal War Narratives (Mesut Uyar, UNSW Canberra, Australia)
III. Australians’ Embrace of Gallipoli

Chapter 7: Turkey, Australia, and the Noble enemy-turned-friend (Kate Ariotti, University of Newcastle, Australia)

Chapter 8: A Foundational Myth: Gallipoli and the Architecture of Memory in Canberra (Daniel Marc Segesser, Bern University, Switzerland)

Chapter 9: Gallipoli in Diasporic Memories of Sikhs and Turks (Burcu Cevik-Compiegne, Australian National University, Australia)
IV. Contested Memories: New Zealand, Turkey and Armenians

Chapter 10: “To have and to hold”: Chunuk Bair and New Zealand`s Gallipoli Imagining (Bruce Scates, Australian National University, Australia)

Chapter 11: New Zealand and the Armenian Genocide (Maria Armoudian, University of Auckland, New Zealand; James Robins, V.K.G. Woodman)

Chapter 12: Can the Survivor Speak? (Talin Suciyan, LMU, Germany)

Afterword (Peter Stanley, UNSW Canberra, Australia)



By muratdevres

Academic Coordinator of the project Rememberings

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